Track lighting can offer a highly customisable, flexible and low maintenance lighting solution for retail stores. From a small convenience store to a large department store, track can be arranged in any scale and configuration.
Track is available in a range of lengths, usually in metre multiples. These can be joined using track accessories to assemble straight runs, T shapes, squares or rectangles. Track lights are placed along the track to place light exactly where it is needed.
Retail track lighting can be surface mounted, recessed or suspended. Surface mounting is the simplest method of installation, with track attached directly to the ceiling surface. Recessing track flush with the ceiling surface is more complicated, and it is not suitable for all ceiling surfaces, but keeps the ceiling clear and uncluttered. Track can be suspended using adjustable wires to hang the track from the ceiling. This is a good solution if ceilings are high and the light level needs to be brought down to ensure good light distribution at floor level.
A retail store will have specific considerations when designing the optimum track solution, such as the ceiling height and how products are set out, for example on high shelving or low level displays.
Track lights usually use LEDs. As well as offering an excellent quality of light output, LEDs are highly energy efficient and have a long lifespan, which minimises overhead costs, maintenance and replacement. There are a number of track light options to help customise your ideal solution. These variables include different beam angles, colour temperatures and wattages. The colour rendering index (CRI) of the light will also be important in certain types of retail store where colours need to be accurately represented, such as clothing or homeware stores.
How widely or narrowly focused the beam of light from the track light will be, is determined by the beam angle. A narrow beam angle will give a narrower and more focused beam of light, for example to highlight a mannequin in a clothing store. A wide beam angle will give more of an ambient, wall wash effect.
The colour temperature of a track light helps set the ambience. A warm colour temperature of around 3000K gives a cozy light, similar to fire or candlelight. A cool colour temperature around 5000K provides brighter light which is closer to natural daylight. The best choice depends on the ambience the store wishes to create, and can be considered part of their overall store design and branding.